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FDR Mandates Issued by Mexico AFAC

May 20, 2021

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Regulations adopted by the Federal Civil Aviation Agency in Mexico (Agencia Federal de Aviación Civil - AFAC) mandate certain fixed wing turbine aircraft to carry specific Flight Data Recorders (FDR). The mandate applies to fixed wing turbine aircraft, based on the number of passenger (PAX) seats (excluding crew seats), OR fixed wing turbine aircraft with MTOW that falls within the published rule, including cargo aircraft and aircraft operating under Part 91 with a Mexican registration. Foreign air carriers with Mexican authorization also need to comply, but foreign operators (non-Mexican registration) under Part 91 do not.

These FDR regulations are a bit complex, and we’ve spoken to a few customers who have found them to be confusing. We’ve organized the following information to provide you with clear and insightful information on how the FDR mandates could impact your operations.

FDR Type Requirement

The type of FDR required varies by date of Airworthiness Certificate issued and MTOW:

  • All TYPE I, IA and II FDRs must retain the information recorded during the last
    25 hours of operation.
  • Type IIA FDRs must retain the recorded information during the last 30 minutes of operation (see Section 6.6.1 of regulation).

  
Affected Aircraft 

The mandates also apply to large rotorcraft; however, fixed wing aircraft are the subject of this summary:

  • Fixed Wing Turbine aircraft with Airworthiness Certificate issued on or after 1 January 2016 that have 10 or more PAX seats OR MTOW greater than 5,700 require a Type II FDR (6.7.2)
  • Fixed Wing Turbine Multi-Engine aircraft with Airworthiness Certificate issued on or after 1 January 1990 AND nine (9) or fewer PAX Seats OR MTOW equal to or less than 5,700 kg require a Type IIA FDR (6.7.6.3)
  • Fixed Wing Turbine aircraft with Airworthiness Certificate issued on or after 1 January 1989 with 10 or more PAX seats OR MTOW greater of 5,700 kg up to 27,000 kg require a Type II FDR (6.7.6.2)
  • Fixed Wing Turbine aircraft with Airworthiness Certificate issued on or after 1 January 1987 but before 1 January 1989 with 10 or more PAX seats OR MTOW greater than 5,700 kg require an FDR that records five (5) specific parameters (6.7.7.1)
    • Time (reference of time), Altitude, Airspeed, Normal Acceleration, Heading
  • Fixed Wing Turbine aircraft with Airworthiness Certificate issued before 1 January 1987 with 10 or more PAX seats OR MTOW of 5,700 require an FDR that records five (5) specific parameters (6.7.8.1)
    • Time (reference of time), Altitude, Airspeed, Normal Acceleration, Heading

 
Compliance Dates

Based on the number of aircraft an operator owns, compliance dates include the following:

  • 1-2 Aircraft: Compliance date 31 December 2020
  • 3-4 Aircraft:  Compliance date 31 December 2021
  • 5 Or more aircraft
  • 25% of fleet must meet mandate by 30 June 2021
  • 50% of fleet must meet mandate by 31 December 2021
  • 75% of fleet must meet mandate by 30 June 2022
  • 100% of fleet must meet mandate by 31 December 2022
  • Operator must submit plan of equipage to AFAC that includes STC information, equipment being installed, and MRO that will be performing the installation.  Once this is submitted the operator must wait for approval from the Mexican authorities.

 
Please note, the information detailed above is current as of 30 March 2021 and is provided as guidance only. Please consult AFAC published regulations for further and / or up-to-date information.

Universal Avionics FDR Solution

UA offers FDR options that meet the mandate requirements for aircraft operating in Mexico, including the new KAPTURE 25-hour FDR with UA’s first Supplemental Type Certificates (STC) in process. KAPTURE Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR) and Cockpit Voice and Flight Data Recorder (CVFDR) options are also available for comprehensive data recording in aircraft. 

KAPTURE CVR, FDR and CVFDR systems are approved under FAA TSO C123c, C124c, C155b, C177a, and European Organization for Civil Aviation Equipment (EUROCAE) ED-112A. KAPTURE CVR/FDR features include:

• Over 25 hours of cockpit voice and ambient audio (Cockpit Voice Recording)
• Over 25 hours of non-audio (UTC, rotor speed, data link messaging) (Cockpit Voice Recording)
• Quick Downloads and Field-Loadable Software Updates
• Increased Reliability and High MTBF
• Lithium-Free 90 Day ULB
• Optional internal RIPS

Please visit uasc.com/KAPTURE or contact your Universal Avionics Sales Representative for more details.  

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